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Developer's Guide to Creating Talking Menus for Set-top Boxes and DVDs

This work was funded by the "Access to Convergent Media Project", under grant #H133G990105-01 from the National Institute of Disability and Rehabilitation Research of the U.S. Department of Education. More information on this initiative including downloadable prototypes and papers from early research can be found at the project Web site at

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This work was greatly enhanced by the dedication and encouragement of diverse supporters who donated valuable hours and resources to this initiative. The list below represents individuals, organizations, and producers who shared our vision of making sure that ALL viewers are included in the audience for their programs and services.

Chicago: City of the Century
A co-production of WGBH Boston and WTTW Chicago in association with the Chicago Historical Society for American Experience. Funding for the enhanced DVD provided by the Rauner Family Foundation.
DVD production: WGBH Interactive.

Partners of the Heart
A Duke Media and Spark Media production for American Experience
DVD production: Spark Media/Pushy Broad

Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind
A Firelight/Half Nelson Productions film for American Experience
DVD production: Missing Pixel

Abraham and Mary Lincoln — A House Divided
A David Grubin Productions, Inc. film for American Experience in association with PBS
DVD production: WGBH Interactive/Planet Studio

We are particularly grateful to the National Endowment for the Humanities which enabled free distribution of the first-ever title with audio navigation, the Lincolns DVD, to educators and librarians nationwide in the summer of 2001.

We are also deeply indebted to America Online, Inc., a division of AOL Time Warner, for their participation in this project and for their ongoing support of explorations into accessible navigation.

Special thanks to Peter Pinch of WGBH Interactive, who provided the detailed technical information in the section "For the DVD Developer."